MIT

Inspired by the electronic breadboards used to prototype electronic devices, the system is meant to enable flexible and inexpensive design of clinical tests.

The device being developed will interpret the scattered patterns of light that has passed through the body to enable cellular-level imaging and will compete with biopsies and blood tests.

One firm, Exosome Diagnostics, is working to streamline payor coverage for a commercial test, and researchers are simultaneously developing promising ways to isolate exosomes.

A research collaboration involving several universities has yielded a technique that they said isolates exosomes from biological samples more effectively than incumbent methods.

Dubbed "Sherlock," the new technology has demonstrated potential in detecting viruses and bacteria as well as human SNPs and mutations in cell-free DNA.

A special thermal annealing process and graphene oxide structure may enable inexpensive manufacturing and use, particularly in resource-poor areas of the world.