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The seven-year grant renews funding for the Antibacterial Resistance Leadership Group, led by Duke University and UCSF, with $15 million in 2020.

The study reflects the importance of including multiple biomarkers for diagnostic and treatment decisions associated with pneumonia, IVD industry experts said.

Its most advanced gene expression signatures are for infectious disease diagnostics and are aimed at enabling the appropriate prescription of antiviral and antibiotic medications.

During the year, the growing threat of antimicrobial resistance drove development and adoption of advanced diagnostic tests, including molecular testing.

Some researchers believe that the use of microfluidics in the analysis of exosomes will help clinicians overcome the problem of heterogeneity in cancer cells.

In an initial study, they tested an algorithm based on measurements of IgG and IgM antibodies and levels of C1q, to identify the risk of a patient developing lupus.

As a clinical study seeks to decide whether low levels of PCT can guide antibiotic therapy, researchers are exploring alternate, gene expression biomarkers.

One firm, Exosome Diagnostics, is working to streamline payor coverage for a commercial test, and researchers are simultaneously developing promising ways to isolate exosomes.

A research collaboration involving several universities has yielded a technique that they said isolates exosomes from biological samples more effectively than incumbent methods.

A proof-of-concept assay that uses an inkjet-printed nanoscale film achieved performance comparable to that of a laboratory ELISA while testing for leptin. 

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